Hemorrhoids may be painful and can lead to bleeding if they rupture. Understand what causes hemorrhoids and try treating bleeding hemorrhoids at home. If bleeding and symptoms continue, know when to get the medical attention you need. Soak in warm water or a sitz bath. To reduce irritation, ease pain, and help shrink the veins, soak the hemorrhoids for 15 to 20 minutes three times a day in warm, not hot, water. If you don’t want to run a bath, try a sitz bath, which is a plastic tub that goes over your toilet seat. You may also add witch hazel, known for being a soothing and cooling remedy for hemorrhoids.
This should be done a minimum of once a day and the Sitz bath should last for anywhere between 15 and 20 minutes. Apply an ice pack to the hemorrhoids. Place the ice pack in freezer until it’s completely frozen. Take care not to apply the ice directly to the hemorrhoids. Instead, wrap the compress in a clean towel or cloth before pressing it gently on the hemorrhoids. Do not leave the pack on for long periods of time or it may damage the surrounding skin. Try a topical cream with phenylephrine to constrict the vessels, which may reduce bleeding. However, these will not stop the bleeding. Use soft toilet paper and resist the urge to scratch.
To soothe the pain and reduce irritation, use moist or medicated towelettes. You can also use witch hazel, hydrocortisone, aloe, or vitamin E medicated pads. Do not wipe aggressively, which can irritate or cause further bleeding. Pat or blot the area instead. Many of these supplements may be hard to find in drug stores, so check for them online and in herbal stores. Always talk with your doctor before taking supplements, especially if you’re taking other medications. If you’re pregnant or nursing, talk with your doctor before supplementing, since most of these have not been tested for use by pregnant or nursing women. Oral Flavonoids: These have been shown to reduce bleeding, pain, itching, and recurrence. Calcium dobesilate or doxium tablets: Take these for two weeks and follow the packaged instructions.
All of these things can reduce the swelling of tissues that cause hemorrhoids. This can help prevent or put less strain on the hemorrhoids. Eat a high-fiber diet to soften your stools and reduce constipation. Get a hemorrhoidectomy for external or internal hemorrhoids. This is the usual method for treating external hemorrhoids, especially if they are large or haven’t responded to less invasive procedures. Compared with hemorrhoidectomy, stapling has been associated with a greater risk of recurrence and rectal prolapse, where part of the rectum protrudes from the anus. Have a rubber band ligation for internal hemorrhoids.
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