Please forward this error screen to orion1. Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you’re not a robot. Axe content is medically reviewed or fact checked to ensure factually accurate information. With strict editorial sourcing guidelines, we only link to academic research institutions, reputable media sites and, when research is available, medically peer-reviewed studies. The information in our articles is NOT intended to replace a one-on-one relationship with a qualified health care professional and is not intended as medical advice. This article is based on scientific evidence, written by experts and fact checked by our trained editorial staff. Our team includes licensed nutritionists and dietitians, certified health education specialists, as well as certified strength and conditioning specialists, personal trainers and corrective exercise specialists. Our team aims to be not only thorough with its research, but also objective and unbiased. Do You Have a Low Platelet Count? Or perhaps frequently get nosebleeds or bloody gums?
If so, there’s a chance you have a low platelet count. Autoimmune disorders, including arthritis, leukemia and lymphoma, can all trigger ITP, and factors like medication use and toxin exposure can also lower blood platelet counts. Not every patient with low platelet counts has a serious autoimmune disorder. Some cases of mild thrombocytopenia are caused by common lifestyle factors, can be treated pretty easily, and don’t even cause any noticeable signs and symptoms at all. Thrombocytopenia varies in terms of the symptoms it causes and how it’s managed, depending on how severely someone’s platelet counts have fallen. Some people might need to simply carefully monitor their symptoms and check in with their doctors only periodically, but others need to stay in the hospital temporarily from time to time for emergency care and strictly avoid anything that could potentially trigger bleeding. As you’ll learn, there are many different causes of low platelet counts, which can make treating the condition somewhat confusing.
But fortunately the majority of people with mild to moderately low platelets are able to correct their counts pretty easily and live a normal, healthy life — all by making some diet and lifestyle changes. How to Treat a Low Platelet Count If you notice that you’re developing bruises more easily and bleeding for a long period of time even after only getting a minor cut, talk to your doctor to check your platelet counts. Sometimes thrombocytopenia is only mild and doesn’t even need to be treated, since blood can still clot normally enough. Other times if it becomes severe, your doctor might need to prescribe medications to help ensure blood can clot or change the medications you currently take to stop their side effects. Taking supplements is one way to help resolve this, but the better option is to get enough of these nutrients to begin with. Aside from making sure to get enough B12 and folate, focus on generally eating an unprocessed, balanced diet to raise immunity against viruses or infections and help your organs detoxify your body of chemicals you encounter.
Heavy drinkers are at a higher risk for having low platelet counts since alcohol slows the production of platelets. According to a report in the journal Alcohol, Health and Research World, heavy alcohol consumption can cause generalized suppression of blood cell production and the production of structurally abnormal blood cell precursors that don’t function properly to clot blood. Everyone responds to drinking alcohol differently, so you need to consider your unique situation and medical history to know how much alcohol your body can tolerate without complications. While they do reduce pain, they can also raise your risk for bleeding disorders when used too frequently. It depends on the person, but if you rely on taking these almost every day you might experience any number of adverse side effects. They might not work as quickly, but you can help manage pain naturally by improving your diet and lowering inflammation. Vitamin D is best acquired through sunlight and exposure of sunshine on your bare skin. For people who already have been diagnosed with low platelet counts, avoiding injuries and infections is important, since both can worsen autoimmune reactions, spleen enlargement and trigger excessive bleeding. Be careful to avoid injuries related to sports, work, exercise or operating machinery.
Most experts recommend that people with low platelet counts avoid contact sports, such as boxing, football, skiing or karate, which can cause bleeding. Protect your spleen by avoiding exposure to infections and viruses as much as possible, which means staying away from sick family members or co-workers and keeping children with low platelet counts out of day care facilities. Having abnormally high platelet counts is referred to as thrombocytosis. An underlying condition of high platelets could be an infection, or it could be due to a blood and bone marrow disease, which makes the causes similar to those of low platelets. Symptoms include headaches, dizziness or lightheadedness, chest pains, and weakness. Some people with find out they have low platelet counts after getting their annual physical exam results, while others might experience a fall or injury and seek help due to a large amount of bleeding. How Low Blood Platelet Counts Develop Platelets in the blood are constantly renewed by bone marrow, and counts stay normal and consistent through a process of ongoing production and destruction. In healthy people, platelets wind up dying off after about 10 days, at which point they’re replaced by new ones.
But in people with low platelets, there are either less platelets being produced, or a faster removal of platelets, which keep counts abnormally low. Bone marrow is the sponge-like tissue inside the bones, which contains very valuable cells called stem cells. Stem cells mature and develop into various types of blood cells, including red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets. Low platelet count causes – Dr. Wondering what causes the abnormalities described above? The spleen helps fight infections and clean the blood, so illnesses that cause an enlarged spleen can cause too many platelets to become trapped inside while the body tries to fight off bacteria or a virus. Alcohol: Alcohol slows the production of platelets and is the biggest problem when it’s consumed excessively, especially if someone’s diet is also low in nutrients.
Being deficient in these nutrients can change how many are produced and able to survive for normal time periods. The Platelet Information and Blood Testing Laboratory recommends making sure you get enough of these nutrients through your diet in addition to calcium, vitamin K and vitamin D. Infections and viruses: Rarely, severe bacterial infections involving the blood cause a pause in platelet production. AIDS and certain other rare viruses. Most of the time common viruses only alter blood platelets temporarily, but some serious viruses like AIDS can permanently cause damage. Pregnancy: Sometimes pregnant women temporarily experience slowed platelet production, but this is usually mild and goes away after the baby is born. Estimates show that around 5 percent of pregnant women develop mild thrombocytopenia at some point during their pregnancies. Genetics: Certain conditions that run in families and are inherited cause low platelet counts, including Wiskott-Aldrich and May-Hegglin syndromes.
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