Bottles of witch hazel extract are available at most drugstores. You can also find topical creams containing witch hazel. After you have a bowel movement, wash and dry the area. Then, soak a cotton pad in witch hazel and apply it to the hemorrhoids. When you feel the hemorrhoids itching, apply more witch hazel as needed. These can help relieve the pain. Hemorrhoid ointments like Preparation H contain phenylephrine, which is a vasoconstrictor that constricts your anal blood vessels. Read the instructions on the package and follow them closely to shrink hemorrhoids. Place small ice pack against the anal area for a few minutes.
This causes the veins to constrict, thus reducing pain and swelling. Apply ice for no longer than 20 minutes at a time. A sitz bath is a warm water bath for the buttocks and hips. Experts recommend a 20-minute sitz bath after each bowel movement and two or three times a day.
For some people, adding Epsom salt makes the sitz bath even more soothing. Add the amount suggested on the package and stir the salt until it is dissolved completely. Try to avoid straining on the toilet. Straining to have a bowel movement is the leading cause of hemorrhoids. Don’t go unless you have to, and don’t sit on the toilet longer than 5 minutes. Straining is also called the Valsalva maneuver. During the strain, peripheral venous pressures become increased, causing the dilated veins to become more painful. Sitting on a cushion rather than a hard surface helps reduce the swelling of existing hemorrhoids and prevents the formation of new ones. You should be having a bowel movement every one to two days.
If not, you may be constipated. Constipation makes it more likely for straining to occur, making it tough to shrink hemorrhoids. To prevent constipation, drink plenty of water and maximize fiber intake to keep things regular. High-fiber foods include broccoli, beans, wheat and oat bran, whole-grain foods, and fresh fruit. 30 grams of fiber per day. Take stool softeners, like milk of magnesia, at night so you can have a bowel movement in the morning.
Be careful that your stool softener use does not interfere with your daily routine. Certain herbs and supplements have been said to help shrink hemorrhoids and prevent them from returning. They contain herbs that help with bowel health. Use horse chestnut and butcher’s broom. These substances are used in herbal hemorrhoid creams, and you can also take them in the form of tea. Eat a teaspoon of aloe after meals, and rub aloe on your hemorrhoids for a cooling effect.
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