What are the benefits of Kegel Exercises? Pregnant women who perform Kegel exercises often find they have an easier birth. Strengthening these muscles during pregnancy can help you develop the ability to control your muscles during labor and delivery. Kegel exercises are also recommended after pregnancy to promote perineal healing, regain bladder control, and strengthen pelvic floor muscles. The best thing about Kegel exercises is that they can be done anywhere, and no one knows you’re doing them. You can insert a finger into the vagina, and try to squeeze the muscles surrounding it.
Or you can practice stopping the flow of urine when urinating. Once you have located your pelvic floor muscles, contract these muscles for 5-10 seconds, then relax, repeating 10-20 times. Make sure to empty your bladder before doing your Kegals! Breathe normally during the exercises, and do this at least three times a day. Try not to move your leg, buttocks, or abdominal muscles during the exercises.
Pregnancy, Childbirth, and the Newborn: The Complete Guide. Find Healthcare Providers That Can Help You Through Your Pregnancy. The information on this site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content, including text, graphics, images, and information, contained on or available through this website is for general information purposes only. The purpose of this is to help with education and create better conversations between patients and their healthcare providers.
Follow the link for more information. Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are vascular structures in the anal canal. While the exact cause of hemorrhoids remains unknown, a number of factors which increase pressure in the abdomen are believed to be involved. This may include constipation, diarrhea and sitting on the toilet for a long time. Often, no specific treatment is needed. Initial measures consist of increasing fiber intake, drinking fluids to maintain hydration, NSAIDs to help with pain, and rest.
Males and females are both affected with about equal frequency. If not thrombosed, external hemorrhoids may cause few problems. However, when thrombosed, hemorrhoids may be very painful. Internal hemorrhoids usually present with painless, bright red rectal bleeding during or following a bowel movement. The exact cause of symptomatic hemorrhoids is unknown. During pregnancy, pressure from the fetus on the abdomen and hormonal changes cause the hemorrhoidal vessels to enlarge. The birth of the baby also leads to increased intra-abdominal pressures. Pregnant women rarely need surgical treatment, as symptoms usually resolve after delivery. Hemorrhoid cushions are a part of normal human anatomy and become a pathological disease only when they experience abnormal changes.
There are three main cushions present in the normal anal canal. Sinusoids do not have muscle tissue in their walls, as veins do. This set of blood vessels is known as the hemorrhoidal plexus. Hemorrhoid cushions are important for continence. Hemorrhoids are typically diagnosed by physical examination. A visual examination of the anus and surrounding area may diagnose external or prolapsed hemorrhoids. Internal hemorrhoids originate above the dentate line. They are covered by columnar epithelium, which lacks pain receptors.
Grade IV: Prolapse with inability to be manually reduced. External hemorrhoids occur below the dentate or pectinate line. They are covered proximally by anoderm and distally by skin, both of which are sensitive to pain and temperature. Many anorectal problems, including fissures, fistulae, abscesses, colorectal cancer, rectal varices, and itching have similar symptoms and may be incorrectly referred to as hemorrhoids. Other conditions that produce an anal mass include skin tags, anal warts, rectal prolapse, polyps, and enlarged anal papillae. A number of preventative measures are recommended, including avoiding straining while attempting to defecate, avoiding constipation and diarrhea either by eating a high-fiber diet and drinking plenty of fluid or by taking fiber supplements, and getting sufficient exercise. Conservative treatment typically consists of foods rich in dietary fiber, intake of oral fluids to maintain hydration, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, sitz baths, and rest. Decreasing time spent on the toilet and not straining is also recommended.
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