The hiatus is an opening in the diaphragm that separates the chest area from the abdomen. Epigastric hernia occurs when small layers of fat push through the belly wall between your breast bone and your navel. You can have more than one of these at a time. Although epigastric hernias often present no symptoms, it may need to be treated with surgery. Incisional hernia happens when improper care after abdominal surgery results in bulging through the surgical scar. Often, mesh lining is incorrectly installed and the intestines slip out of the mesh, causing a hernia.
Umbilical hernia are especially common among infants. When the baby cries, a lump around the belly button area usually protrudes. Know the types of hernias that affect the groin area. Hernias can also affect the groin, pelvis, or thighs when the intestines break out of their lining, causing uncomfortable and sometimes painful lumps in these areas. Inguinal hernia affects your groin area, and happens when a portion of the small intestine bulges through the abdominal lining. Femoral hernia affects the upper thigh, right below the groin.
Although it may present no pain, it looks like a bulge in your upper thigh. Femoral hernias are more common in women than in men. Anal hernia, or rectal prolapse, may cause the entire rectum to extend out of the anus, or may only push a part through. Anal hernias are rare and can affect anyone, but are more likely to be seen in older adults with a history of constipation or weak pelvic floors. They are often confused with hemorrhoids, but they are not the same thing. Understand the other types of hernias.
Hernias can affect areas other than the stomach and groin region. Intracranial hernias, or brain herniation, occur inside the head. They happen when brain tissue, fluid, and blood vessels are moved away from their usual position in the skull, often after a head injury, stroke or tumor. Any brain herniation is a medical emergency and needs to be taken care of immediately. Investigate possible symptoms or signs of a hernia. Hernias may be caused by a host of different factors. Once they are formed, they may or may not present pain. You see swelling where the pain is located. The swelling is usually on the surface of the areas such as the thigh, abdomen or groin.
The swelling may or may not hurt. Bulges, such as those that you find in an inguinal hernia, can often be pushed back into your abdomen when you lie down. Bulges that cannot be pushed in when pressed down on need immediate medical attention. You may notice pain that ranges from mild discomfort to severe pain. A common symptom of hernias is pain present when straining or doing a strenuous activity. Hernia pain is often worse at the end of the day, or after long periods of standing.
Check with a doctor to confirm a hernia. Some hernias are what doctors called “trapped” or “strangulated,” meaning that the organ in question loses blood supply or blocks intestinal flow. These hernias require immediate medical attention. Set up an appointment and meet with a doctor. The doctor checks to see if the area increases in size when you’re lifting, bending or coughing. Know what puts you at an increased risk for hernias. Why do hernias affect more than 5 million Americans?
Hernias can happen for many reasons, including straining on the toilet, chronic constipation, heavy lifting, and smoking. Genetic predisposition: If any of your parents had hernias, you are more likely to develop one. Age: The older you get, the higher your chance of getting a hernia. Pregnancy: While pregnant, the mother’s stomach stretches out, making a hernia more likely. Sudden weight loss: People who suddenly lose weight are at increased risk of developing a hernia. Obesity: People who are overweight have higher chances of developing hernias compared to those who are not. Persistent cough: Coughing puts a lot of pressure and stress on the abdomen, and can lead to a hernia. Can I get a hernia after having a herniated disc surgery years ago?
Sarah Gehrke is a Registered Nurse in Texas. Nursing from the University of Phoenix in 2013. This depends on the type of surgery. For example, re-herniation of the disc doesn’t occur after a total discectomy because the disc is completely removed. There are 23 discs in the spinal column, so if you are feeling back pain or sciatica you may have another disc starting to herniate. Can a hernia go away and come back?
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I am now going to get it what will happen if a hemorrhoid pops out.